Identification of Plasmodium falciparum specific translation inhibitors from the MMV Malaria Box using a high throughput in vitro translation screen
Vida Ahyong, Christine M. Sheridan, Kristoffer E. Leon, Jessica N. Witchley, Jonathan Diep, and Joseph L. DeRisiMalaria Journal, 2016Abstract: Background:
A major goal in the search for new anti-malarial compounds is to identify new mechanisms of action
or new molecular targets. While cell-based, growth inhibition-based screening have enjoyed tremendous success, an
alternative approach is to specifically assay a given pathway or essential cellular process.
Here, this work describes the development of a plate-based, in vitro luciferase assay to probe for inhibitors
specific to protein synthesis in Plasmodium falciparum through the use of an in vitro translation system derived from
Using the Medicines for Malaria Venture’s Malaria Box as a pilot, 400 bioactive compounds with minimal
human cytotoxicity profiles were screened, identifying eight compounds that displayed greater potency against the P.
falciparum translation machinery relative to a mammalian translation system. Dose–response curves were determined
in both translation systems to further characterize the top hit compound (MMV008270).
This assay will be useful not only in future anti-malarial screening efforts but also in the investigation of
P. falciparum protein synthesis and essential processes in P. falciparum biology.